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Periodontal disease, also called gum disease, is a disease affecting the gums and connective tissues. When plaque and tartar build on the teeth for too long, the bacteria in them slide to and along the gums, leading to major soreness and perhaps tooth loss.

Gum disease comes in a couple of severities: gingivitis and periodontitis.

If you have gingivitis, you’re in the better boat. Gingivitis is the less severe form of gum disease, and it’s usually reversible with a few visits for help from your local dental professional. When you have gingivitis, your gums appear red, bloody and puffy.

The more severe form of gum disease is known as periodontitis, and in it, the inflamed gums recede from teeth and develop pockets of bacteria; this can lead to tooth loss. As your body does its best to battle the infection, it may break down bones and the tissues supporting the teeth, causing major damage. If you think you may have periodontitis or advanced gum disease, please seek professional guidance now.

There are some things you can do to avoid gum disease. As always, we recommend that you brush twice daily, floss once a day and follow a healthy diet. For additional information about periodontal disease, please set up your next appointment with our office in Marlborough, MA, by calling 508.499.3566 now. Dr. Rafla and the team would be ecstatic to help answer any of your questions.